Monday, November 19, 2012

Miss May Irwin Obituary dated 18 December 1891 of Twenty Mile Stand, Warren County, Ohio died of Diphtheria. Daughter of William Harper Irwin and Livonia L. Crone.

Mis May Irwin & Mr. Irwin Obit

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Diphtheria

Last reviewed: December 15, 2010.

Diphtheria is an acute infectious disease caused by the bacteria Corynebacterium diphtheriae.

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

Diphtheria spreads through respiratory droplets (such as those produced by a cough or sneeze) of an infected person or someone who carries the bacteria but has no symptoms. Diphtheria can also be spread by contaminated objects or foods (such as contaminated milk).

The bacteria most commonly infects the nose and throat. The throat infection causes a gray to black, tough, fiber-like covering, which can block the airways. In some cases, diphtheria may first infect the skin, producing skin lesions.

Once infected, dangerous substances called toxins, produced by the bacteria, can spread through your bloodstream to other organs, such as the heart, and cause significant damage.

Risk factors include crowded environments, poor hygiene, and lack of immunization.

Symptoms

Symptoms usually occur 2 to 5 days after you have come in contact with the bacteria.

Note: There may be no symptoms.

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